Quick Facts

Official Language:  Spanish
Population:  16.7 million (2008 est.)
Currency:  Chilean Peso (CLP)
Climate:  the seasons in Argentina are the complete opposite from the Northern Hemisphere.  They are as follows:
Winter: June to August
Summer: December to March
Spring: September to November
Fall: March to May

At least seven different climate subtypes exist in Chile.  The north is characterized by a desert climate, while glaciers and alpine tundra characterize the east and southeast regions, and central Chile enjoys a more Mediterranean climate.  Easter Island has a subtropical climate and oceanic to the south. 

Interesting Facts  

• The Atacama Desert, located in the northern part of Chile, is the world’s driest desert.
• An estimated 40% of the country’s population lives in the greater Santiago area.
• The country hosts one of Latin America’s most important musical events, Viña del Mar International Song Festival, which is held in the town of the same name.  

Country Profile

Widely regarded as South America’s most stable and prosperous country, Chile is also a place of many natural wonders.  One can explore the desert landscape in the north, visit majestic glaciers and lakes in the south, as well as skiing in the Andes.  During the summer season, which is from December until March, the many wonderful beach towns along the coast attract a large number of visitors as well.  Tourism has been steadily increasing over the years, and along with foreign trade, plays an important role in the country’s economy. 

Strong economic growth has helped Chile achieve a better quality of life.  Although there’s a significant income disparity, the poverty rate has been steadily decreasing.  Chile also has a relatively stable government, despite having only had four presidential elections since the fall of Gen. Augusto Pinochet, the dictator who ruled the country from 1974 to 1990.  After a nearly 17 year gruesome military dictatorship, Chile has a reputation for having low-levels of corruption, freedom of the press and economic freedom, as compared with other South American countries. 

Useful Website:


Santiago de ChileChile