Quick Facts

Population:  5.6 million inhabitants (2006 est.)
Official Language:  Spanish
Capital:  Managua
Currency: Córdoba
Temperature:  the predominant part of Nicaragua has a tropical climate, where temperatures vary between 72° F and 86° F throughout the year.  However, temperatures in the Central Highlands and the mountains, the Northern part of the country, are generally cooler.  May through December marks the wet season, and January through April marks the dry season.  In general, the Eastern part of Nicaragua receives more rainfall than the West.  The Atlantic Coast is also subject to hurricane threats.   

Noteworthy Facts

• In 1980, Nicaragua’s illiteracy rate was reduced from 50.3% to 12.9% within a matter of months, as a result of a highly successful literacy campaign.
• According to the CIA Fact book, Nicaragua is the second poorest country in the Western Hemisphere.  In 2007, the estimated nominal gross domestic product (GDP) per capita was $945 USD.
• Some of the most important literary figures in the Spanish language, such as Rubén Darío and Ernesto Cardenal, come from Nicaragua. 

Country Profile

From fascinating Spanish colonial cities to fantastic beaches for surfing and sunbathing, it comes as no surprise why Nicaragua has received an increasing number of visitors over the last 10 years.  Nicaragua tends to attract the more adventurous traveler, one who is looking for the unconventional, and one who is unafraid of the unexpected.  This Central American country is extremely affordable, and yet it remains one of the least traveled.

Nicaragua makes for a wonderful place to visit.  In the Atlantic lowlands of the country is a huge rainforest area, and in the Central highlands exists much birdlife and plants. The Central highlands is also the region where most of agricultural activity, along with coffee growing, takes place.  The country is incredibly diverse not simply in terms of its attractions, but also in its people and culture. 

The majority of the population in Nicaragua, an estimated 86% is white or mestizo, a mix of Amerindian and White.  However, Nicaragua actually has the largest Afro Latino American population, which is around 9%, in Central America.  This group, the Afro-Nicaragüense, predominantly lives in the Caribbean coasts, where English (along with Spanish, Creole and other indigenous languages) is quite commonly spoken, as it was once formerly a British protectorate.  This region is quite distinct from the rest of Nicaragua, where Palo de Mayo, a form of Afro-Caribbean dance, is especially popular.  Nicaragua is a country with many different layers, in terms of its identity and history.  Many will find it a fascinating destination to explore. 

San Juan del SurNicaragua